UNICEF Humanitarian Situation Report in South Sudan No. 3: 1-30 March 2023 – South Sudan

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UNICEF scaled up safe water, sanitation and behavioral change responses to the cholera epidemic declared in Malakal, Upper Nile State on 7 March 2023.
By the end of March, 511 cholera cases had been recorded since the start of the outbreak.
In March 2023, UNICEF and partners provided psychosocial support (PSS) activities to 14,071 children (7,767 boys and 6,304 girls) and 856 adults (455 women and 401 men). provided. Psychosocial Support (MHPSS).
Infant and Toddler Nutrition Counseling (IYCF) provides counseling and support to 410,319 primary caregivers of children aged 0–23 months to strengthen children’s diet and care practices to prevent malnutrition. was provided to

Funding overview and partnerships

In 2023, UNICEF needs US$217.2 million to meet the critical needs of 5.3 million people in South Sudan, including 3.5 million children affected by multiple shocks. With this funding, UNICEF, together with governments and partners, will provide an integrated package of WASH, nutrition, education, child protection, health and social behavior change services to protect children’s rights and empower them in humanitarian action. You will be able to deliver on your core commitments. As of March 2023, UNICEF has received $61.1 million for her 2023 Humanitarian Action for Children (HAC) appeal, and the funding shortfall is $156.1 million (72 million). %)was. UNICEF appreciates donations from donors that help deliver services to help vulnerable children. However, South Sudan remains one of the most complex humanitarian environments in the world, and flexible interventions are needed to provide integrated support packages for child survival, protection and education while building community resilience. Multi-year funding is urgently needed.

Situation overview and humanitarian needs

Climate change shocks, local violence and conflict, severe economic shocks and inflation continue to drive humanitarian needs, reduce access to services and increase the vulnerability of women and children. The rainy season is expected to begin in the coming months, but areas such as Unity State are still largely flooded, with 80% of the land affected by her 2022 floods. Many communities remain displaced, often living in crowded settlements.
This creates challenges for communities to produce crops and enhance food security and livelihoods. The cumulative effects of repeated flooding have led to the destruction and damage of water utilities. This increases the likelihood of water-borne diseases and increases the vulnerability of affected people. These include high poverty rates, widespread displacement and limited access to essential services such as health, nutrition and education.
Meanwhile, substate violence continued to be reported in March, resulting in civilian casualties, new displacements and a highly precarious environment for aid workers. In early March, intercommunal fighting erupted between cattle herders in Nyolol and the Greater Pibor Governorate (GPAA), moving an estimated 15,000 to 20,000 people, mostly women and children, to Maren, Corfurus, Alam and the Canal Centre. . .
In Yambio, Western Equatoria state, Central African Republic (CAR) Ambororo cattle herders are suspected of attacking and killing three women and injuring a child. According to the Relief and Rehabilitation Commission (RRC), an estimated 2,000 families have been forced from their homes by violence and are in need of basic services and humanitarian assistance for survival.
This situation continues to boost the humanitarian needs of women and children. Global prevalence of acute malnutrition (GAM) is projected to exceed 15% (critical) in 59 counties in 2023, while the integrated food security phase announced in November 2022 According to the classification (IPC) analysis report, the situation from March to June 2023 is as follows: expected to get worse. By June 2023, approximately 1.4 million children under the age of 5 are expected to suffer from her AMN. Of these, 345,893 children may suffer from severe acute malnutrition (SAM). In addition, an estimated 6.315 million people are expected to face food insecurity at critical levels (Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) Phase 3) and 33,000 people are severely food insecure at catastrophic levels (IPC Phase 5). is estimated to face
Health conditions remain critical, with outbreaks of preventable diseases reported in several parts of the country, including internally displaced persons (IDP) settlements and congested settlements.
As of 28 March 2023, a total of 569 cumulative cholera cases and 2 deaths have been recorded since the outbreak was declared in Malakal, Upper Nile State on 7 March 2023. Children between 1 and her 4 years of age are most affected, followed by children under 1 year of age, accounting for her 57% and her 31% of total cases, respectively. In addition, between January 1, 2022 and March 5, 2023, a total of 62 counties in all 10 states reported at least one suspected measles case, with confirmed cases in 32 counties, for a cumulative total of 5,433 cases. A suspected case was reported.



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