purpose, purpose and background
Entering the 21st century, the world experienced a remarkable demographic shift when, for the first time in human history, the world’s urban population exceeded its rural population. Demographic trends and projections indicate that this shift from rural to urban populations will continue, making the transition to urban society and how it is managed and developed essential. From a global perspective, sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), South Asia, and parts of the Middle East, where IsDB MCs are mainly concentrated, are regions that will experience the most dynamic and rapid urban growth in the coming decades. expected to be. .
The IsDB Urban Sector Policy aims to guide all IsDB Urban programs and operations, focusing on the overarching goal of achieving sustainable and inclusive urban development in its MC. As such, the need to have an up-to-date USP that offers a proactive vision, strategic framework, engagement tools, services, and financial products is essential for both IsDB and its MCs. These goals are driven internationally by SDG 11 and the commitment to leave no one behind.
This policy is designed to serve three important functions: (ii) harmonize relevant IsDB sector and thematic policies at the policy level and provide a coordination framework to build synergies with the operational involvement of other sectors; (iii) align urban policies with other corporate policies; It also provides a platform for exchanging views and mobilizing partnerships to promote sustainable and inclusive urban development among other multilateral development banks, international organizations, civil society organizations and the private sector. To do.
Sustainable and inclusive urban development is the overarching development theme of USP. It is supported by five pillars, each contributing in different ways to achieving sustainable and inclusive urban development. These pillars are shown below as urban economy, urban mobility, urban housing and slum improvement, urban water and sanitation, disaster, climate and environmental resilience.
The first pillar of this policy is the urban economy. Without a vibrant urban economy, IsDB MC Cities will be unable to create needed jobs, generate income and deliver sustainable, comprehensive and standard urban services.
Negative spillover effects of urbanization often occur in urban road congestion, impairing the productivity of businesses, causing urban road traffic accidents and injuries, and reducing the quality of life of city dwellers, such as increased air pollution. lower it. Improving urban mobility under this policy will take the form of assistance to prepare sustainable urban mobility plans and develop alternative non-motorized transport options such as pedestrian walkways and cycle paths. .
Urban housing and slum upgrades
Although housing is private property, the housing market in many IsDB countries is severely dysfunctional due to severe shortages of formal housing, with large portions of the urban population giving up life in informal settlements and slums. The policy will enable measures to improve affordable housing supply, improve informal settlements and slums, and promote private sector involvement on both the supply and demand sides. Seeking environment development.
Many IsDB MC cities will need IsDB support in developing sound housing policies, intervention strategies and financing to support a range of solutions. Many of these solutions can be used to leverage and attract much-needed private sector investment into the housing market.
urban water and sanitation
While some IsDB MCs have achieved SDG targets and have high water and sanitation coverage, many low- and lower-middle-income countries still lag behind and need to improve access to services. but also need a permanent solution that guarantees its capabilities. You pay for these services over time.Due to high non-revenue water levels in many IsDB MCs and severe water shortages especially in the Middle East, efforts to promote water safety, water conservation and water detection through improved systems
Consider network loss, prepaid metering, and other options to determine the appropriate solution in country contexts, where development needs can vary widely.
Innovative technologies and management approaches include Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems for water utilities, District Metered Areas (DMA), Sanitary Transformation Technology (STT) combined with Fecal Sludge Management (FSM), and Energy Employed with development partners to facilitate Efficiency, financial balance and innovation in water supply and sanitation systems.
Disasters, climate change countermeasures, environmental resilience
Declared a global pandemic by the WHO, COVID-19 has paralyzed the global economy, disrupted people’s livelihoods and threatened all aspects of sustainable development. Cities are the epicenter of the pandemic, with over 95% of confirmed COVID-19 cases occurring in urban areas. Many IsDB MCs are highly vulnerable to climate change impacts and natural disasters. In a normal scenario, rising sea levels could cause him 164 million city-dwellers to submerge in 44 of her IsDB MCs. In addition, much of West and Southeast Asia, where IsDB MC is located, are exposed to high seismic risks and need to be supported with disaster risk tools and funding to enhance resilience to these risks. The policy seeks to support cities in adopting adaptation strategies to deal with the impacts of climate change, while also seeking to benefit from urban investment in a range of sectors to facilitate climate change mitigation. We also support potential co-benefits.
STI and ICT applications
STI and ICT are essential elements of any enabling strategy, but they are especially important for urban policy. Computerized management information system, GIS technology, mobile phone and crowdsourcing technology, cloud storage, and advanced technology of various other applications have driven the progress of “smart city”. ICT improves efficiency, transparency, communication, accountability, security, and policy decision-making based on the ability to catalog and analyze large amounts of data and information and publish what is appropriate in the public domain. help you to
Four guiding principles have been adopted to effectively implement this policy and assist IsDB MC in achieving sustainable and inclusive urban development. (i) country-focused selectivity; (ii) capacity building and knowledge sharing; (iii) funding mechanisms, including PPPs; (iv) empowerment of women and youth; Each is detailed below in its relevance and how it provides guidance and underlying support to the IsDB USP.
Capacity building and knowledge sharing
Beyond the need for infrastructure financing, IsDB MC has a system to enable it to deliver its intended services, operate and maintain the built assets in the long term, and improve its overall management and monitoring system. They need support to build their personal and human resource capacity. Essential for sustainable and inclusive urban development.
In summary, IsDB is well positioned to assist member countries in implementing their national strategies in the water and sanitation sector through funding, technical assistance, capacity building and access to Islamic financial instruments. Capacity building and the transfer of solutions to improve water sector governance are critical pillars of the Bank’s water sector policy.